Frequent Questions - Bitcoin Stack Exchange

Gridcoin 5.0.0.0-Mandatory "Fern" Release

https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/5.0.0.0
Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that.
Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap.
We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout.
Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.

Highlights

Protocol

Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now.
Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date.
The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.

GUI

Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.

Blockchain

The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use.
There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all.
I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures.
The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!

Summary Changelog

Accrual

Changed

Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.

Removed

Beacons

Added

Changed

Removed

Unaltered

As a reminder:

Superblocks

Added

Changed

Removed

Voting

Added

Changed

Removed

Detailed Changelog

[5.0.0.0] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"

Added

Changed

Removed

Fixed

submitted by jamescowens to gridcoin [link] [comments]

Groestlcoin 6th Anniversary Release

Introduction

Dear Groestlers, it goes without saying that 2020 has been a difficult time for millions of people worldwide. The groestlcoin team would like to take this opportunity to wish everyone our best to everyone coping with the direct and indirect effects of COVID-19. Let it bring out the best in us all and show that collectively, we can conquer anything.
The centralised banks and our national governments are facing unprecedented times with interest rates worldwide dropping to record lows in places. Rest assured that this can only strengthen the fundamentals of all decentralised cryptocurrencies and the vision that was seeded with Satoshi's Bitcoin whitepaper over 10 years ago. Despite everything that has been thrown at us this year, the show must go on and the team will still progress and advance to continue the momentum that we have developed over the past 6 years.
In addition to this, we'd like to remind you all that this is Groestlcoin's 6th Birthday release! In terms of price there have been some crazy highs and lows over the years (with highs of around $2.60 and lows of $0.000077!), but in terms of value– Groestlcoin just keeps getting more valuable! In these uncertain times, one thing remains clear – Groestlcoin will keep going and keep innovating regardless. On with what has been worked on and completed over the past few months.

UPDATED - Groestlcoin Core 2.18.2

This is a major release of Groestlcoin Core with many protocol level improvements and code optimizations, featuring the technical equivalent of Bitcoin v0.18.2 but with Groestlcoin-specific patches. On a general level, most of what is new is a new 'Groestlcoin-wallet' tool which is now distributed alongside Groestlcoin Core's other executables.
NOTE: The 'Account' API has been removed from this version which was typically used in some tip bots. Please ensure you check the release notes from 2.17.2 for details on replacing this functionality.

How to Upgrade?

Windows
If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), then run the installer.
OSX
If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), run the dmg and drag Groestlcoin Core to Applications.
Ubuntu
http://groestlcoin.org/forum/index.php?topic=441.0

Other Linux

http://groestlcoin.org/forum/index.php?topic=97.0

Download

Download the Windows Installer (64 bit) here
Download the Windows Installer (32 bit) here
Download the Windows binaries (64 bit) here
Download the Windows binaries (32 bit) here
Download the OSX Installer here
Download the OSX binaries here
Download the Linux binaries (64 bit) here
Download the Linux binaries (32 bit) here
Download the ARM Linux binaries (64 bit) here
Download the ARM Linux binaries (32 bit) here

Source

ALL NEW - Groestlcoin Moonshine iOS/Android Wallet

Built with React Native, Moonshine utilizes Electrum-GRS's JSON-RPC methods to interact with the Groestlcoin network.
GRS Moonshine's intended use is as a hot wallet. Meaning, your keys are only as safe as the device you install this wallet on. As with any hot wallet, please ensure that you keep only a small, responsible amount of Groestlcoin on it at any given time.

Features

Download

iOS
Android

Source

ALL NEW! – HODL GRS Android Wallet

HODL GRS connects directly to the Groestlcoin network using SPV mode and doesn't rely on servers that can be hacked or disabled.
HODL GRS utilizes AES hardware encryption, app sandboxing, and the latest security features to protect users from malware, browser security holes, and even physical theft. Private keys are stored only in the secure enclave of the user's phone, inaccessible to anyone other than the user.
Simplicity and ease-of-use is the core design principle of HODL GRS. A simple recovery phrase (which we call a Backup Recovery Key) is all that is needed to restore the user's wallet if they ever lose or replace their device. HODL GRS is deterministic, which means the user's balance and transaction history can be recovered just from the backup recovery key.

Features

Download

Main Release (Main Net)
Testnet Release

Source

ALL NEW! – GroestlcoinSeed Savior

Groestlcoin Seed Savior is a tool for recovering BIP39 seed phrases.
This tool is meant to help users with recovering a slightly incorrect Groestlcoin mnemonic phrase (AKA backup or seed). You can enter an existing BIP39 mnemonic and get derived addresses in various formats.
To find out if one of the suggested addresses is the right one, you can click on the suggested address to check the address' transaction history on a block explorer.

Features

Live Version (Not Recommended)

https://www.groestlcoin.org/recovery/

Download

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/mnemonic-recovery/archive/master.zip

Source

ALL NEW! – Vanity Search Vanity Address Generator

NOTE: NVidia GPU or any CPU only. AMD graphics cards will not work with this address generator.
VanitySearch is a command-line Segwit-capable vanity Groestlcoin address generator. Add unique flair when you tell people to send Groestlcoin. Alternatively, VanitySearch can be used to generate random addresses offline.
If you're tired of the random, cryptic addresses generated by regular groestlcoin clients, then VanitySearch is the right choice for you to create a more personalized address.
VanitySearch is a groestlcoin address prefix finder. If you want to generate safe private keys, use the -s option to enter your passphrase which will be used for generating a base key as for BIP38 standard (VanitySearch.exe -s "My PassPhrase" FXPref). You can also use VanitySearch.exe -ps "My PassPhrase" which will add a crypto secure seed to your passphrase.
VanitySearch may not compute a good grid size for your GPU, so try different values using -g option in order to get the best performances. If you want to use GPUs and CPUs together, you may have best performances by keeping one CPU core for handling GPU(s)/CPU exchanges (use -t option to set the number of CPU threads).

Features

Usage

https://github.com/Groestlcoin/VanitySearch#usage

Download

Source

ALL NEW! – Groestlcoin EasyVanity 2020

Groestlcoin EasyVanity 2020 is a windows app built from the ground-up and makes it easier than ever before to create your very own bespoke bech32 address(es) when whilst not connected to the internet.
If you're tired of the random, cryptic bech32 addresses generated by regular Groestlcoin clients, then Groestlcoin EasyVanity2020 is the right choice for you to create a more personalised bech32 address. This 2020 version uses the new VanitySearch to generate not only legacy addresses (F prefix) but also Bech32 addresses (grs1 prefix).

Features

Download

Source

Remastered! – Groestlcoin WPF Desktop Wallet (v2.19.0.18)

Groestlcoin WPF is an alternative full node client with optional lightweight 'thin-client' mode based on WPF. Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) is one of Microsoft's latest approaches to a GUI framework, used with the .NET framework. Its main advantages over the original Groestlcoin client include support for exporting blockchain.dat and including a lite wallet mode.
This wallet was previously deprecated but has been brought back to life with modern standards.

Features

Remastered Improvements

Download

Source

ALL NEW! – BIP39 Key Tool

Groestlcoin BIP39 Key Tool is a GUI interface for generating Groestlcoin public and private keys. It is a standalone tool which can be used offline.

Features

Download

Windows
Linux :
 pip3 install -r requirements.txt python3 bip39\_gui.py 

Source

ALL NEW! – Electrum Personal Server

Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server aims to make using Electrum Groestlcoin wallet more secure and more private. It makes it easy to connect your Electrum-GRS wallet to your own full node.
It is an implementation of the Electrum-grs server protocol which fulfils the specific need of using the Electrum-grs wallet backed by a full node, but without the heavyweight server backend, for a single user. It allows the user to benefit from all Groestlcoin Core's resource-saving features like pruning, blocks only and disabled txindex. All Electrum-GRS's feature-richness like hardware wallet integration, multi-signature wallets, offline signing, seed recovery phrases, coin control and so on can still be used, but connected only to the user's own full node.
Full node wallets are important in Groestlcoin because they are a big part of what makes the system be trust-less. No longer do people have to trust a financial institution like a bank or PayPal, they can run software on their own computers. If Groestlcoin is digital gold, then a full node wallet is your own personal goldsmith who checks for you that received payments are genuine.
Full node wallets are also important for privacy. Using Electrum-GRS under default configuration requires it to send (hashes of) all your Groestlcoin addresses to some server. That server can then easily spy on your transactions. Full node wallets like Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server would download the entire blockchain and scan it for the user's own addresses, and therefore don't reveal to anyone else which Groestlcoin addresses they are interested in.
Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server can also broadcast transactions through Tor which improves privacy by resisting traffic analysis for broadcasted transactions which can link the IP address of the user to the transaction. If enabled this would happen transparently whenever the user simply clicks "Send" on a transaction in Electrum-grs wallet.
Note: Currently Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server can only accept one connection at a time.

Features

Download

Windows
Linux / OSX (Instructions)

Source

UPDATED – Android Wallet 7.38.1 - Main Net + Test Net

The app allows you to send and receive Groestlcoin on your device using QR codes and URI links.
When using this app, please back up your wallet and email them to yourself! This will save your wallet in a password protected file. Then your coins can be retrieved even if you lose your phone.

Changes

Download

Main Net
Main Net (FDroid)
Test Net

Source

UPDATED – Groestlcoin Sentinel 3.5.06 (Android)

Groestlcoin Sentinel is a great solution for anyone who wants the convenience and utility of a hot wallet for receiving payments directly into their cold storage (or hardware wallets).
Sentinel accepts XPUB's, YPUB'S, ZPUB's and individual Groestlcoin address. Once added you will be able to view balances, view transactions, and (in the case of XPUB's, YPUB's and ZPUB's) deterministically generate addresses for that wallet.
Groestlcoin Sentinel is a fork of Groestlcoin Samourai Wallet with all spending and transaction building code removed.

Changes

Download

Source

UPDATED – P2Pool Test Net

Changes

Download

Pre-Hosted Testnet P2Pool is available via http://testp2pool.groestlcoin.org:21330/static/

Source

submitted by Yokomoko_Saleen to groestlcoin [link] [comments]

[TUTORIAL] -- How to SAFELY Claim New RNG Coins Using Your Private Keys

[TUTORIAL] -- How to SAFELY Claim New RNG Coins Using Your Private Keys

https://preview.redd.it/u4x1o4p37zc41.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=01d1ff52c0b7fc1c9ae5bb4f161979ad1f4bb559
I’m a longtime blockchain enthusiast and developer and one of my biggest gripes about this space is how quickly every new project is widely dismissed as a “scam” or “shitcoin” by so many people before it even gets off the ground. Sure, there is a lot of uncharted territory with pirates lurking to steal your bags left and right but with a small amount of personal education you can exist safely in the world of crypto I promise! With this article I aim to help lift your knowledge a little higher while helping keep your funds a little safer!

So What Is Happening?

On Tuesday February 18, 2020 a new coin named Ring (RNG) will be minted. This coin aims to bring two unique and fresh methods of proofing to the crypto game, quite literally: Agent-Based Hive Mining (borrowed from LCC) and Proof-of-Play Mining, where literal gameplay is used to hash and reward miners! To celebrate and help spread the word, the team is giving away claims of free RNG to all holders of the following coins:
  • Litecoin Cash (LCC)
  • Bitcoin (BTC)
  • Dash (DASH)
  • Dogecoin (DOGE)
It's being touted as the world's first crypto "4-way fork" but I'd really call it more of a "4-way claim" since its a brand new chain and not based on the code of any of the rewarded coins. It's simply a clever method of allowing a wider range of coin holders a chance to participate in the launch of these exciting new features!

How Will This Process Work?

On the 18th of February, a balance snapshot will be taken of the four chains listed above. Anyone holding a balance with any of these coins at the time of the snapshot will be forever eligible to claim their RNG at any time. Because the only way to prove ownership of a crypto address is to supply the private keys, and pretty much EVERYONE will tell you to guard those things with your life, below I will outline exactly what to do so there is absolutely 0% risk of losing a single satoshi! This method will apply to ANY claim rewards of any coin in the future as well. Always practice #SafeForking!

How Do I Safely Claim My RNG?

STEP 1 -- BEFORE THE SNAPSHOT -- VERIFY ACCESS TO YOUR PRIVATE KEYS
All core wallets will allow you to export a private key of any address in your wallet but many third party services like exchanges and hot wallets do not allow access to them. In these cases you will need to send your funds out of the third party service and into some kind of personal wallet where you can reach the private keys yourself. Then just wait for the snapshot to happen…
To make things easier on yourself, you can optionally collect your original coins into as few addresses as possible BEFORE the snapshot. Doing so reduces the number of keys you will need to empty and import later. It’s just less work!
\** SNAPSHOT HAPPENS HERE... ****
STEP 2 -- ATER THE SNAPSHOT -- EMPTY ALL ADDRESSES YOU WISH TO CLAIM
After the snapshot is confirmed, withdraw all coins OUT of each of your origin coin addresses into brand new addresses leaving the original ones quite empty. This way when you import later there is NO risk of losing anything! Also know that after you import these private keys you should never use them again for safety’s sake! It’s kind of the whole reason you’re even reading this article in the first place.
STEP 3 -- EXPORT PRIVATE KEYS FOR ALL ADDRESS YOU WISH TO CLAIM
This is the most difficult part, are you ready? Once each claim address is confirmed to be EMPTY, you must obtain each one’s private keys. This will entirely depend on the wallet you use (QT example below) but for all core wallets there is generally an option for exporting private keys somewhere in there. Collect them all!
How to Export QT Wallet Private Keys:⛔️ — DISABLE INTERNET FOR SAFETY — ⛔️- Open the QT wallet client- Click on HELP in the menu bar- Click on DEBUG WINDOW- Click on the CONSOLE tab- Click inside the input box at the bottom(if your wallet is locked…)- Type: walletpassphrase [Password] 600(this unlocks your wallet for 10 minutes)- Type: dumpprivkey [Address]- Copy the output hash, paste it into a list somewhere.(repeat as needed, clear your clipboard history after)- Type: walletlock (if applicable)⚡ — RE-ENABLE YOUR INTERNET —
STEP 4 -- IMPORT ALL PRIVATE KEYS INTO RNG CORE WALLET
\** PLEASE VERIFY THAT EVERY CLAIM ADDRESS IS EMPTY BEFORE CONTINUING... ****
The final step is to simply import each of these private keys into the new Ring Core Wallet to claim your free RNG rewards. The wallet handles this part automatically and you will see your new RNG balance right away. You can find this option under the File > Import Private Keys menu.
Importing a private key is the only way to prove ownership of a crypto address so this is unavoidable if you want to claim new coins from it. The steps above will allow you to prove ownership of your snapshotted address balance plus use its empty key to then claim your new coins thus keeping your original coins completely protected in the brand new address with a new private key (which you should now also keep VERY private!)
By emptying the address before you import it’s private key you eliminate the risk of theft entirely. One cannot take from an already empty jar. It should also be noted to NEVER use the imported address again as an added safety precaution*!*
👏👏👏 DONE! ENJOY YOUR FREE MONEY! 👏👏👏

How Much RNG Will I Receive?

Litecoin Cash holders will receive the highest claim ratio (5000 LCC = 1 RNG) as the LCC team are the ones responsible for creating Ring and wanted to extend a heart-felt thank you to the LCC community for their years of support. All other coins will be based on a 1:1 ratio with the value of Bitcoin at the time of the fork. This of course means 1 BTC = 1 RNG. For DASH and DOGE, however, their BTC market prices will determine their reward ratios. (For example if DASH is trading at 0.015 BTC each, then each DASH coin will net you a reward of 0.015 RNG to match.) Of course you don't need whole coins to claim, partial decimals work just fine!

What Value Will RNG Have?

That, my friends, is entirely up to the markets. No one in the history of crypto has had a perfect track record of price predictions so I'm not even going to try here. I will say, though, having gotten to play with their Testnet a bit so far that I am very impressed with the new Proof-of-Play method and how they have initially implemented it. It bodes very good things for the future of their project and this coin so I personally would expect its value to hold and most likely rise steadily as more people become aware of this groundbreaking new tech and it's potential to expand outward!

Is Litecoin Cash Still Going To Exist?

Absolutely! At least, from what I can gather. LCC has it's own purposes and will continue to be developed on. Ring is not meant to be a replacement or upgrade of any kind to Litecoin Cash. It is an entirely different proofing algorithm and a different mission statement altogether. It's more so meant to help expose the amazing new technologies developed on the LCC blockchain to a wider audience beyond simply its own fan base. If anything it'll act a sister chain that can help expose more folks to LCC in the future!

Disclaimer

While I am a moderator for the Litecoin Cash Discord server, I am writing this from an independent point of view as an educated crypto enthusiast with a passion for helping others navigate these waters. Having been an initial forker and third party developer on top of LCC myself, I feel I have some valuable insight into the direction the team is taking and I wanted to offer some sound advice for the upcoming Ring fork before the FUD gets caked on too thick.
I know a lot of people get scared easily in crypto because of the rampant scamming that goes on but I've watched this team work their asses off for two years to get out from under the stain of Charlie Lee's very biased, uneducated "its a scam" tweet which was endlessly parroted throughout the Litecoin community with nothing but blind party loyalty and no due diligence. The LCC folks are kind, wonderful hard-working people with big hearts and ambition and they have actually developed a unique proofing methodology that is likely going to impress a lot of people!
So before you go jumping on the "it's just another shitcoin" bandwagon please stop and take a real hard look at both Litecoin Cash (LCC) and Ring (RNG): two viable projects with something to bring to the table! If nothing else, hey, just claim your new coins and dump them off for some free money. You literally cannot lose if you PRACTICE SAFE FORKING!!!
Good luck, cryptonauts!
=A=
submitted by auscoine to RingCoin [link] [comments]

[TUTORIAL] -- How to SAFELY Claim New RNG Coins Using Your LCC Private Keys

[TUTORIAL] -- How to SAFELY Claim New RNG Coins Using Your LCC Private Keys

https://preview.redd.it/9csw52aw30d41.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=53ceb329c9772d7f0abbcc56b44ba405e34dd8a8
I’m a longtime blockchain enthusiast and developer and one of my biggest gripes about this space is how quickly every new project is widely dismissed as a “scam” or “shitcoin” by so many people before it even gets off the ground. Sure, there is a lot of uncharted territory with pirates lurking to steal your bags left and right but with a small amount of personal education you can exist safely in the world of crypto I promise! With this article I aim to help lift your knowledge a little higher while helping keep your funds a little safer!

So What Is Happening?

On Tuesday February 18, 2020 a new coin named Ring (RNG) will be minted. This coin aims to bring two unique and fresh methods of proofing to the crypto game, quite literally: Agent-Based Hive Mining (borrowed from LCC) and Proof-of-Play Mining, where literal gameplay is used to hash and reward miners! To celebrate and help spread the word, the team is giving away claims of free RNG to all holders of the following coins:
  • Litecoin Cash (LCC)
  • Bitcoin (BTC)
  • Dash (DASH)
  • Dogecoin (DOGE)
It's being touted as the world's first crypto "4-way fork" but I'd really call it more of a "4-way claim" since its a brand new chain and not based on the code of any of the rewarded coins. It's simply a clever method of allowing a wider range of coin holders a chance to participate in the launch of these exciting new features!

How Will This Process Work?

On the 18th of February, a balance snapshot will be taken of the four chains listed above. Anyone holding a balance with any of these coins at the time of the snapshot will be forever eligible to claim their RNG at any time. Because the only way to prove ownership of a crypto address is to supply the private keys, and pretty much EVERYONE will tell you to guard those things with your life, below I will outline exactly what to do so there is absolutely 0% risk of losing a single satoshi! This method will apply to ANY claim rewards of any coin in the future as well. Always practice #SafeForking!

How Do I Safely Claim My RNG?

STEP 1 -- BEFORE THE SNAPSHOT -- VERIFY ACCESS TO YOUR PRIVATE KEYS
All core wallets will allow you to export a private key of any address in your wallet but many third party services like exchanges and hot wallets do not allow access to them. In these cases you will need to send your funds out of the third party service and into some kind of personal wallet where you can reach the private keys yourself. Then just wait for the snapshot to happen…
To make things easier on yourself, you can optionally collect your original coins into as few addresses as possible BEFORE the snapshot. Doing so reduces the number of keys you will need to empty and import later. It’s just less work!
\** SNAPSHOT HAPPENS HERE... ****
STEP 2 -- ATER THE SNAPSHOT -- EMPTY ALL ADDRESSES YOU WISH TO CLAIM
After the snapshot is confirmed, withdraw all coins OUT of each of your origin coin addresses into brand new addresses leaving the original ones quite empty. This way when you import later there is NO risk of losing anything! Also know that after you import these private keys you should never use them again for safety’s sake! It’s kind of the whole reason you’re even reading this article in the first place.
STEP 3 -- EXPORT PRIVATE KEYS FOR ALL ADDRESS YOU WISH TO CLAIM
This is the most difficult part, are you ready? Once each claim address is confirmed to be EMPTY, you must obtain each one’s private keys. This will entirely depend on the wallet you use (QT example below) but for all core wallets there is generally an option for exporting private keys somewhere in there. Collect them all!
How to Export QT Wallet Private Keys:
⛔️ — DISABLE INTERNET FOR SAFETY — ⛔️
- Open the QT wallet client
- Click on HELP in the menu bar
- Click on DEBUG WINDOW
- Click on the CONSOLE tab
- Click inside the input box at the bottom
(if your wallet is locked…)
Type: walletpassphrase [Password] 600
(this unlocks your wallet for 10 minutes)
- Type: dumpprivkey [Address]
- Copy the output hash, paste it into a list somewhere.
(repeat as needed, clear your clipboard history after)
- Type: walletlock (if applicable)
⚡ — RE-ENABLE YOUR INTERNET — ⚡
DONE!
STEP 4 -- IMPORT ALL PRIVATE KEYS INTO RNG CORE WALLET
\** PLEASE VERIFY THAT EVERY CLAIM ADDRESS IS EMPTY BEFORE CONTINUING... ****
The final step is to simply import each of these private keys into the new Ring Core Wallet to claim your free RNG rewards. The wallet handles this part automatically and you will see your new RNG balance right away. You can find this option under the File > Import Private Keys menu.
Importing a private key is the only way to prove ownership of a crypto address so this is unavoidable if you want to claim new coins from it. The steps above will allow you to prove ownership of your snapshotted address balance plus use its empty key to then claim your new coins thus keeping your original coins completely protected in the brand new address with a new private key (which you should now also keep VERY private!)
By emptying the address before you import it’s private key you eliminate the risk of theft entirely. One cannot take from an already empty jar. It should also be noted to NEVER use the imported address again as an added safety precaution*!*
👏👏👏 DONE! ENJOY YOUR FREE MONEY! 👏👏👏

How Much RNG Will I Receive?

Litecoin Cash holders will receive the highest claim ratio (5000 LCC = 1 RNG) as the LCC team are the ones responsible for creating Ring and wanted to extend a heart-felt thank you to the LCC community for their years of support. All other coins will be based on a 1:1 ratio with the value of Bitcoin at the time of the fork. This of course means 1 BTC = 1 RNG. For DASH and DOGE, however, their BTC market prices will determine their reward ratios. (For example if DASH is trading at 0.015 BTC each, then each DASH coin will net you a reward of 0.015 RNG to match.) Of course you don't need whole coins to claim, partial decimals work just fine!

What Value Will RNG Have?

That, my friends, is entirely up to the markets. No one in the history of crypto has had a perfect track record of price predictions so I'm not even going to try here. I will say, though, having gotten to play with their Testnet a bit so far that I am very impressed with the new Proof-of-Play method and how they have initially implemented it. It bodes very good things for the future of their project and this coin so I personally would expect its value to hold and most likely rise steadily as more people become aware of this groundbreaking new tech and it's potential to expand outward!

Is Litecoin Cash Still Going To Exist?

Absolutely! At least, from what I can gather. LCC has it's own purposes and will continue to be developed on. Ring is not meant to be a replacement or upgrade of any kind to Litecoin Cash. It is an entirely different proofing algorithm and a different mission statement altogether. It's more so meant to help expose the amazing new technologies developed on the LCC blockchain to a wider audience beyond simply its own fan base. If anything it'll act a sister chain that can help expose more folks to LCC in the future!

Disclaimer

While I am a moderator for the Litecoin Cash Discord server, I am writing this from an independent point of view as an educated crypto enthusiast with a passion for helping others navigate these waters. Having been an initial forker and third party developer on top of LCC myself, I feel I have some valuable insight into the direction the team is taking and I wanted to offer some sound advice for the upcoming Ring fork before the FUD gets caked on too thick.
I know a lot of people get scared easily in crypto because of the rampant scamming that goes on but I've watched this team work their asses off for two years to get out from under the stain of Charlie Lee's very biased, uneducated "its a scam" tweet which was endlessly parroted throughout the Litecoin community with nothing but blind party loyalty and no due diligence. The LCC folks are kind, wonderful hard-working people with big hearts and ambition and they have actually developed a unique proofing methodology that is likely going to impress a lot of people!
So before you go jumping on the "it's just another shitcoin" bandwagon please stop and take a real hard look at both Litecoin Cash (LCC) and Ring (RNG): two viable projects with something to bring to the table! If nothing else, hey, just claim your new coins and dump them off for some free money. You literally cannot lose if you PRACTICE SAFE FORKING!!!
Good luck, cryptonauts!
=A=
submitted by auscoine to LCCofficial [link] [comments]

(Updated) [Staking] Reddcoin Core client GUI wallet on a Raspberry Pi Model 3B

Intro

This thread is an update to my first Reddcoin staking tutorial that was written 7 months ago.
 
The reason for the update
My Reddcoin Core software crashed and became unusable. My Raspberry Pi 3B would lag and freeze, I couldn't stake anymore.
 
Instead of just redoing everything the same way, I wanted to see if I could improve on 3 points:
 
The updates
 
If you would like to tip me
Writing a tutorial like this takes time and effort; tips are appreciated. My Reddcoin address: RqvdnNX5MTam855Y2Vudv7yVgtXdcYaQAW.
     

Overview

 

Steps

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     

Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Snr5e8bzftI
This video shows how long it takes to start Reddcoin Core.   TL;DR:
     

Extra

Backup
Backup your wallet to prevent losing the RDDs in your wallet! There are two methods to backup, do both. Make new backups if you create a new receiving address!
 
 
   
Boot with only 1 USB drive plugged in:
Make sure only the USB drive (with the swap partition and data partition) is plugged in when you boot up your Raspberry Pi. This to make sure the swap partition (/dev/sda1) is recognized correctly.   If you boot up with multiple USB drives, Lubuntu might see the USB drive with the swap partition as the second drive (instead of the first drive), and ignore the 2 GB swap partition. If this happens, starting Reddcoin can render the Raspberry Pi unresponsive.
   
Connection issues If you have issues syncing the blockchain because you have 0 network connections, please follow the instructions in this thread.
   
Start Reddcoin Core easier
Run a shell script (.sh file), so you can start Reddcoin just by double clicking on an icon on your Desktop.
   
Minimization options
Adjust minimization options, so you can safely press on the X button (the close/exit button on the upper right corner).
   
RealVNC VNC Viewer (client) and VNC Connect (server): To remote connect to the Raspberry Pi, I use VNC Viewer ad VNC Connect from RealVNC.
 
   
Chromium as browser: The updates break Firefox, the browser crashes when you try to run it. Install another browser, Chromium, to solve this issue.
   
Updates / Upgrades
If Software Updater shows up and tells you that there is updated software available, do not install the updates using Software Updater. Use LXTerminal to update Lubuntu.  
     

Credits:

   
Credits in previous tutorial:
submitted by Yavuz_Selim to reddCoin [link] [comments]

Start Here for Much Wallet WOW!

EDIT 2017-02-10: A word about Nodes

There is a discussion about nodes that came up today, where it seems I'm discouraging people from running the full QT/Core client. Yes and No. What I'm trying to make sure people understand is how things work, and that it is NOT mandatory to run a client in order to use Dogecoins (and yes, I realise that browser-based tools like coinb.in and wallet sweepers are 'clients' by strict definition).
That said, more nodes is absolutely a good thing for the network. Preferrably full nodes. How do you run a full node? Just run Core/QT and open up Port 22556 on your router so it can connect to more than 8 peers. What will it cost you? You need your machine to be on 24/7/365, you need enough storage for the full blockchain (currently about 20Gb. Bitcoin is over 120Gb) and enough bandwidth to keep it in sync and share blocks with peers. A couple of Gb a month, most likely. This is best done with a desktop on a wired broadband link. Or maybe a hosted VM in the cloud. :)

EDIT 2017-01-09: Wallets WITHOUT Clients

Since I started helping people on /BitcoinBeginners, I'm getting a lot of questions about how to use wallets without running clients or trusting third parties. So here are a couple of resources that will make that possible, and not just for Dogecoin:
Multi-Coin Wallet Generator Now supporting 129 currencies! Coinb.in Start by setting the currency, found in the gear wheel in the Broadcast tab. Dogecoin Wallet Sweeper Redeem 'paper' wallets containing up to about 100 UTXOs. Bitinfo Charts My favourite block explorer, handles a bunch of cryptos.
Using these resources, it is possible to hold, receive and spend coins in various currencies, without having to run QT or a 'lite' client. You can also download and run the pages on your own device.

EDIT 2016-11-23: SEMANTICS about MINING! :P

Even though there is already a section on mining below, it has been suggested given the huge number of posts on the subject that this needs to be made clearer. Since people get their panties in a twist over the word 'dead', lets change that...

MINING IS DEAD!

MINING DOGECOIN IS UNPROFITABLE!

Put simply, there is no way to mine Dogecoin and make a profit because of the massive hashpower provided by industrial-scale Litecoin miners. Mining Doge directly stopped being viable when our hashrate exploded with the introduction of AuxPoW. Mining with CPU's and GPU's died when ASICs were introduced. And mining with a laptop WILL kill your laptop and cost you a fortune to repair or replace. Mining Litecoin with an exchange that also mines Doge and others will earn less than the electricity consumed, and you won't recover your costs. Probably ever, but certainly not in any reasonable time.
Mining other currencies may be a thing, but that's beyond our scope here. This is /Dogecoin, not /GetRichMiningCryptos after all. If you want to mine the newest scamcoin for fun and profit, look elsewhere for advice. :/
Oh, and most important:

READ BEFORE YOU POST!

At any given time, there are half a dozen posts on the frontpage just like the one you're about to write, where the answers have already been given. Read them. Don't make people waste their time repeating themselves because you were too lazy to bother reading stuff. :P
So there I was, having a quiet Sundy arvo bludge, as you do, when 42points turned up on Facebook and asked me to write a new sticky post for /dogecoin. Why would he do this, when he should be having a bludge himself, I hear you ask? Well, seems he was doing exactly that, and wanted to fob off the work he’s too slack to do himself. ;) Ah well, being a sucker for punishment, I’ll grudgingly oblige I guess.
OK, first things first.

The Clients:

Dogecoin Core 1.10.0 2015-Nov-01
Bootstrap file for Core to save some download time.
Dogecoin Core Guide Wiki
MultiDoge v0.1.7 2016-Jan-31
Android Dogecoin Wallet 2.0.8 2016-Jan-18
Android Coinomi Wallet
Java Cate 0.14 alpha 2 Multicoin wallet 2016-Feb-14
Exodus multicoin wallet
iOS Doughwallet

Do you REALLY need a client?

Wallet ELI5
UTXO ELI5
Paper Wallet Generator
Sample HTML Wallet List
Dogetipbot subreddit and website
Dogechain Wallet
Block.io Wallet
Exchanges
BTC38
Poloniex
CoinSpot
ShapeShift - Not really an exchange, rather a currency trader.

Mining

Litecoinpool
Prohashing
Zpool

Explorers

BitInfoCharts - My favourite, has charts!
chain.so
dogechain.info
/dogecoindev where the devs hang out

More Info

Dogeducation
Technical Wiki
Preev currency value calculator

EDITS:

From peoplma
I was wondering if you could add just a couple things. A link to the coinomi android wallet, it's probably the best one out there. And a sentence somewhere along the lines of "if you need help with any dogecoin software you are welcome to make a post, but PLEASE include your OS, version number of the client, and any relevant transaction IDs that you are willing to share" if you can fit that in somewhere.
Also, if you want to link to Prohashing, I'm pretty sure it's the only Scrypt mining pool that will actually pay out in doge. The others I know of pay out in litecoin or bitcoin. And it's a profit switching multipool, so gives a better return than just mining ltc/doge.
And there's these two wiki articles I thought would be helpful to link /dogecoin/wiki/technical for those technically minded newbies or intermediate users who want to dig a little deeper. And maybe a link to /dogecoin/wiki/dogecoincoreguide next to the link for dogecoin core.
From pts2002
Finally a proper sticky post! Here's some other stuff you could add:
zpool.ca mining pool - You can get paid in pretty much any coin, and you can mine in multiple algos (currently mining lyra2v2 with my GPU). Doing about 500Ð/day
shapeshift.io exchange - My favourite exchange, quick and easy. No registration required!
Also, you should add some blockchain explorers!
chain.so - Support for bitcoin, litecoin and doge.
dogechain.info - Official blockchain explorer. Includes a wallet (already mentioned). Live update currently not working (?)
EDIT: Here's another thing I found!
preev.com currency value calculator - Easy way to check the value of your dogecoins (or bitcoins, or litecoins, or peercoins)!
submitted by Fulvio55 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Proposed Statement Of Work (SOW) For PIVX Blockchain Wallet Tutorial Campaign

Date: February 11, 2019
Client’s Name: PIVX
Project Name: PIVX Blockchain Wallet Tutorial Campaign
Representatives For Each Cryptocurrency Project: PIVX Community
Representatives For www.Cryptocurrency.Market:
Denni Lovejoy, Software Tutorial Specialist
https://twitter.com/DenniLovejoy

I. Summary

Currently there are over 2,000 cryptocurrency projects listed on coinmarketcap.com. Many of these cryptocurrency projects have their own official “decentralized wallets”, use recommended third-party wallets or are in the process of developing their wallet software.
For example, the PIVX community created the PIVX QT Wallet.
Many newcomers entering the crypto market will not be computer or software savvy and will not properly set up, protect and secure their cryptocurrency wallets. Crypto projects such as PIVX will need Blockchain Tutorials for the PIVX Wallet to help new users understand how to use the wallet correctly.
The goal of this proposal is to obtain funding to create:
  1. Create a set of PIVX tutorials to help educate the public on how to use the the PIVX wallet and PIVX Central account in a step by step user friendly way. This set of tutorials will include:

II. Introduction

My name is Denni Lovejoy, I am a Blockchain Tutorial Specialist at www.Cryptocurrency.Market and you can view the quality of my past blockchain tutorials here:
Blockchain Tutorial Playlist
Blockchain Tutorial #41 - How To Setup A PIVX Wallet
I started creating blockchain tutorials to help newbies avoid getting hacked by bad actors in the crypto community. I chose to work with Tai Zen & Leon Fu Dot Com’s www.Cryptocurrency.Market channel because they were the 1st and only channel on the internet back in early 2013 that I found to be talking about trading and investing in bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. For example, they were the only channel that I know of to recommend investing in Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Stratis, Monero, Decred, NXT, Antshares, etc. when everyone else was afraid to do so. These coins all turned out to be huge winners.
I learned from the www.Cryptocurrency.Market channel that the #1 most important thing in cryptocurrencies is to survive. Unfortunately, many people who have bought cryptocurrencies lost them because of a lack of security, privacy and formal education on how to use their digital wallets correctly. The lack of blockchain tutorials amongst all cryptocurrencies is why I started my Blockchain Tutorial playlist on the Cryptocurrency Market channel. I believe uneducated newbies in the crypto community who do not understand what it takes to secure, protect and use their digital wallets will mistakenly leave their crypto on exchanges which is subject to being hacked or stolen and will not back up their private keys.
I have been monitoring the digital wallet space for quite some time now and I have chosen to associate my brand/ reputation & seek funding from the PIVX community for due to the project’s a) professionalism b) software engineering/technical abilities and most importantly c) a working privacy cryptocurrency and lastly d) the PIVX team has working decentralized wallets located on https://pivx.org/wallet/.
For the above reasons and the fact that I am more comfortable working with people I have personally met in person, I RESPECTFULLY submit this formal proposal to the PIVX community to request funding for myself to create an ambitious, 3rd party, independent, unbiased blockchain tutorials to educate the public on how to use the PIVX wallet and PIVX Central account correctly.

III. Objectives

To create a series of tutorial videos to:
  1. Educate the public on how to setup and use the PIVX wallet with a set of user friendly Blockchain Tutorials.
  2. Educate the public on how to set up a PIVX Central account and make a PIVX proposal.
  3. Educate the public on how to avoid common mistakes and pitfalls in key parts of the tutorials.

IV. “Blockchain Tutorial” Deliverables

TUTORIAL 1: How To Set Up & Use The PIVX QT Wallet ($500) [VIDEO FORMAT]
  1. In this phase, I will help viewers understand the initial process on how to download and install the PIVX QT wallet.
  2. Explain how to send and receive PIVX on the PIVX wallet.
  3. Explain how to backup, protect and update the PIVX wallet.
TUTORIAL 2: How to Set Up The Deterministic zPIV Wallet & Stake zPIV ($500) [VIDEO FORMAT]
  1. In this phase, I will demonstrate how to set up a zPIV wallet and stake zPIV.
TUTORIAL 3: How To Make A PIVX Central Account, Upvote/ Downvote, Comment & Make a PIVX Proposal ($500) [VIDEO FORMAT]
  1. In this phase, I will demonstrate how to make a PIVX Central account, show users how to upvote/ downvote and comment on the proposals.
  2. In this phase, I will provide the step by step details on how to make a PIVX Proposal.

V. Pricing & Terms

If you are interested in having me create the video tutorials mentioned in Section IV. “Blockchain Tutorial” Deliverables for your crypto project the cost will be as follows:
  1. I respectfully request $1,500 worth of PIVX for me to complete the section IV. “Blockchain Tutorial” Deliverables.
  2. The grand total cost of section IV. “Blockchain Tutorial” Deliverables = $1,550. (Includes Proposal Submission Fee)
  3. The estimated completion time for this entire proposal: 10 Hours x 4 Videos = 40 Hours x $37.5 USD/hour = $1,500 USD for Content Creation. This proposed schedule is to do this work in under 1 month allowing me to create 1 tutorial per week.
  4. Payment will be paid in PIVX (PIVX) by a PIVX Representative to me and will be processed after all 3 tutorials are accepted by the PIVX community. I will email a PIVX Representative an invoice with the details.
  5. I will include 1 revision per video.

VI. Conditions

  1. The tutorials will be hosted on the PIVX YouTube channel or any other official platform and not hosted anywhere else.
  2. I will get all my basic questions answered on PIVX support channels.
  3. I will state in the videos that I’m being sponsored by the PIVX Community anywhere that is deemed appropriate.
  4. PIVX will own the copyrights to the content created in this SOW and the PIVX Project has the right to use the content without asking me for permission.
  5. Videos will follow the PIVX design guidelines.
  6. Videos will be reviewed for accuracy by representatives of the PIVX community before being released to the public.
I am submitting this first draft of my proposed Statement Of Work (SOW) to invite feedback and commentary from the PIVX community.


The following are questions are for PIVX to consider and are not part of the SOW.

Statement Of Work (SOW) FAQ:
1. What is Denni Lovejoy’s big picture approach to help educate and promote PIVX to the public?
This entire SOW is based on the premise that PIVX is sponsoring me to do a series of educational/ tutorial style videos of the cryptocurrency governance coin sector.
2. Why are you taking a tutorial-based style approach to the videos?
The reason for this approach is to help viewers AVOID any mistakes they may make while going through ANY of the processes associated with using PIVX software.
3. Will you follow the PIVX design guidelines and have consistent screen-design intro/ outros?
Yes, I plan to use consistent screen-design and leverage anything additional the PIVX design and support team can offer me including intro, outros, disclaimers, ideas, etc. I will be following the guidelines found on https://github.com/PIVX-Project/Official-PIVX-Graphics.
4. Do you plan to publish the videos on the Youtube channel of your company or will they go into the official PIVX Youtube channel?
No, I do not plan to publish the videos on our 'Cryptocurrency Market' YouTube channel which has over 26,000 subscribers and over 700 videos. PIVX will have all the rights to the videos and will not be hosted elsewhere.
5. What is your target reach expectations and how do you want to keep the videos up-to-date if something changes in the GUI/software?
I do not plan on doing any advertising or marketing for the tutorials and will let the PIVX PR marketing team strategize that. I can speak with the PR team as needed, but my proposal is to create video content only suggested by the community.
I will give 1 revision per video if any of the videos need updating.
6. Did the other cryptocurrency projects you made video tutorials for also pay for their production?
No. My approach has been to create 66 blockchain tutorials for free first, to then leverage this work portfolio as my Proof-Of-Skill so that I can approach projects like PIVX with my proposal.
7. After watching your videos on youtube the production does not feel in step with our current educational videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLaMrpvQ0yJ_xFLGwNoDzfT6Wr0XHpyr1R
I can adapt to the current style of educational videos listed on the PIVX Class channel. The main differences I can adjust to are: a) include background music during the intro and outro b) use themed transitions and text pop ups. If this is what the community prefers, let me know. However, I can add one element to the tutorials for consideration. I can record my face while guiding viewers through the tutorial to offer a more human feel as if I'm holding your hand or you're looking over my shoulders in every step of the process.
Please let me know if you have any questions or suggestions about my proposal.
submitted by DenniLovejoy to pivx [link] [comments]

Secure paper wallet tutorial

This is my handout for paranoid people who want a way to store bitcoin safely. It requires a little work, but this is the method I use because it should be resistant to risks associated with:
  1. Bad random number generators
  2. Malicious or flawed software
  3. Hacked computers
If you want a method that is less secure but easier, skip to the bottom of this post.
The Secure Method
  1. Download bitaddress.org. (Try going to the website and pressing "ctrl+s")
  2. Put the bitaddress.org file on a computer with an operating system that has not interacted with the internet much or at all. The computer should not be hooked up to the internet when you do this. You could put the bitaddress file on a USB stick, and then turn off your computer, unplug the internet, and boot it up using a boot-from-CD copy of linux (Ubuntu or Mint for example). This prevents any mal-ware you may have accumulated from running and capturing your keystrokes. I use an old android smart phone that I have done a factory reset on. It has no sim-card and does not have the password to my home wifi. Also the phone wifi is turned off. If you are using a fresh operating system, and do not have a connection to the internet, then your private key will probably not escape the computer.
  3. Roll a die 62 times and write down the sequence of numbers. This gives you 2160 possible outcomes, which is the maximum that Bitcoin supports.
  4. Run bitaddress.org from your offline computer. Input the sequence of numbers from the die rolls into the "Brain Wallet" tab. By providing your own source of randomness, you do not have to worry that the random number generator used by your computer is too weak. I'm looking at you, NSA ಠ_ಠ
  5. Brain Wallet tab creates a private key and address.
  6. Write down the address and private key by hand or print them on a dumb printer. (Dumb printer means not the one at your office with the hard drive. Maybe not the 4 in 1 printer that scans and faxes and makes waffles.) If you hand copy them you may want to hand copy more than one format. (WIF and HEX). If you are crazy and are storing your life savings in Bitcoin, and you hand copy the private key, do a double-check by typing the private key back into the tool on the "Wallet Details" tab and confirm that it recreates the same public address.
  7. Load your paper wallet by sending your bitcoin to the public address. You can do this as many times as you like.
  8. You can view the current balance of your paper wallet by typing the public address into the search box at blockchain.info
  9. If you are using an old cell phone or tablet do a factory reset when you are finished so that the memory of the private keys is destroyed. If you are using a computer with a boot-from-CD copy of linux, I think you can just power down the computer and the private keys will be gone. (Maybe someone can confirm for me that the private keys would not be able to be cached by bitaddress?)
  10. To spend your paper wallet, you will need to either create an offline transaction, or import the private key into a hot wallet. Creating an offline transaction is dangerous if you don't know what you are doing. Importing to a client side wallet like Bitcoin-Qt, Electrum, MultiBit or Armory is a good idea. You can also import to an online wallet such as Blockchain.info or Coinbase.
Trusting bitaddress.org
The only thing you need bitaddress.org to do is to honestly convert the brainwallet passphrase into the corresponding private key and address. You can verify that it is doing this honestly by running several test passphrases through the copy of bitaddress that you plan on using, and several other brainwallet generators. For example, you could use the online version of bitaddress, and brainwallet and safepaperwallet and bitcoinpaperwallet. If you are fancy with the linux command line, you can also try "echo -n my_die_rolls | sha256sum". The linux operating system should reply with the same private key that bitaddress makes. This protects you from a malicious paper wallet generator.
Trusting your copy of bitaddress.org
Bitaddress publishes the sha1 hash of the bitaddress.org website at this location:
https://www.bitaddress.org/pgpsignedmsg.txt
The message is signed by the creator, pointbiz. I found his PGP fingerprint here:
https://github.com/pointbiz/bitaddress.org/issues/18
"527B 5C82 B1F6 B2DB 72A0 ECBF 8749 7B91 6397 4F5A"
With this fingerprint, you can authenticate the signed message, which gives you the hash of the current bitaddress.org file. Then you can hash your copy of the file and authenticate the file.
I do not have a way to authenticate the fingerprint itself, sorry. According to the website I linked to, git has cryptographic traceability that would enable a person to do some research and authenticate the fingerprint. If you want to go that far, knock yourself out. I think that the techniques described in this document do not really rely on bitaddress being un-corrupt. Anyway, how do we know pointbiz is a good guy? ;-)
There are a lot of skilled eyes watching bitaddress.org and the signed sha1 hash. To gain the most benefit from all of those eyes, it's probably worthwhile to check your copy by hashing it and comparing to the published hash.
"But we aren't supposed to use brainwallets"
You are not supposed to use brainwallets that have predictable passphrases. People think they are pretty clever about how they pick their passphrases, but a lot of bitcoins have been stolen because people tend to come up with similar ideas. If you let dice generate the passphrase, then it is totally random, and you just need to make sure to roll enough times.
How to avoid spending your life rolling dice
When I first started doing this, I rolled a die 62 times for each private key. This is not necessary. You can simply roll the die 62 times and keep the sequence of 62 numbers as a "seed". The first paper address you create would use "my die rolls-1" as the passphrase, the second would be "my die rolls-2" and so on. This is safe because SHA256 prevents any computable relationship between the resulting private key family.
Of course this has a certain bad security scenario -- if anyone obtains the seed they can reconstruct all of your paper wallets. So this is not for everyone! On the other hand, it also means that if you happen to lose one of your paper wallets, you could reconstruct it so long as you still had the seed.
One way to reduce this risk is to add an easy to remember password like this: "my die rolls-password-1".
If you prefer, you can use a technique called diceware to convert your die rolls to words that still contain the same quantity of entropy, but which could be easier to work with. I don't use diceware because it's another piece of software that I have to trust, and I'm just copy/pasting my high entropy seed, so I don't care about how ugly it is.
Why not input the dice as a Base 6 private key on the Wallet Details tab?
Two reasons. First of all, this option requires that you roll the die 99 times, but you do not get meaningful additional protection by rolling more than 62 times. Why roll more times if you don't have to? Second, I use the "high entropy seed" method to generate multiple private keys from the same die rolls. Using the Base 6 option would require rolling 99 times for every private key.
I'm a big nerd with exotic dice. How many times to roll?
Put this formula in Excel to get the number of times to roll: "=160*LOG(2,f)" where f = number of faces on the die. For example, you would roll a d16 40 times. By the way, somewhat unbelievably casino dice are more fair than ordinary dice
The "Change address" problem:
You should understand change addresses because some people have accidentally lost money by not understanding it.
Imagine your paper wallet is a 10 dollar bill. You use it to buy a candy bar. To do this you give the cashier the entire 10 dollar bill. They keep 1 dollar and give you 9 dollars back as change.
With Bitcoin, you have to explicitly say that you want 9 dollars back, and you have to provide an address where it should go to. If you just hand over the 10 dollar bill, and don't say you want 9 dollars back, then the miner who processes the transaction gives 1 dollar to the store and keeps the remainder themselves.
Wallet software like Bitcoin-Qt handles this automatically for you. They automatically make "change addresses" and they automatically construct transactions that make the change go to the change address.
There are three ways I know of that the change problem can bite you:
  1. You generate a raw transaction by hand, and screw up. If you are generating a transaction "by hand" with a raw transaction editor, you need to be extra careful that your outputs add up to the same number as your inputs. Otherwise, the very lucky miner who puts your transaction in a block will keep the difference.
  2. You import a paper wallet into a wallet software and spend part of it, and then think that the change is in the paper wallet. The change is not in the paper wallet. It is in a change address that the wallet software generated. That means that if you lose your wallet.dat file you will lose all the change. The paper wallet is empty.
  3. You import a paper wallet into a wallet software and spend part of it, and then think that the change is in the change address that the wallet software generated. If the transaction did not need to consume all of the "outputs" used to fund the paper wallet, then there could be some unspent outputs still located at the address of the paper wallet. If you destroyed the paper wallet, and destroyed the copy of the private key imported to the wallet software, then you could not access this money. (E.g. if you restored the software wallet from its seed, thinking all of the money was moved to the wallet-generated change addresses.)
For more on this, see here
The hot paper wallet problem
Your bitcoin in your paper wallet are secure, so long as the piece of paper is secure, until you go to spend it. When you spend it, you put the private key onto a computer that is connected to the internet. At this point you must regard your paper wallet address as hot because the computer you used may have been compromised. It now provides much less protection against theft of your coins. If you need the level of protection that a cold paper wallet provides, you need to create a new one and send your coins to it.
Destroying your paper wallet address
Do not destroy the only copy of a private key without verifying that there is no money at that address. Your client may have sent change to your paper wallet address without you realizing it. Your client may have not consumed all of the unspent outputs available at the paper wallet address. You can go to blockchain.info and type the public address into the search window to see the current balance. I don't bother destroying my used/empty paper wallet addresses. I just file them away.
Encrypting your private key
BIP 0038 describes a standardized way to encrypt your paper wallet private key. A normal paper wallet is vulnerable because if anyone sees the private key they can take the coins. The BIP38 protocol is even resistant to brute force attacks because it uses a memory intensive encryption algorithm called scrypt. If you want to encrypt your wallets using BIP38, I recommend that you use bitcoinpaperwallet because they will let you type in your own private key and will encrypt it for you. As with bitaddress, for high security you should only use a local copy of this website on a computer that will never get connected to the internet.
Splitting your private key
Another option for protecting the private key is to convert it into multiple fragments that must be brought together. This method allows you to store pieces of your key with separate people in separate locations. It can be set up so that you can reconstitute the private key when you have any 2 out of the 3 fragments. This technique is called Shamir's Secret Sharing. I have not tried this technique, but you may find it valuable. You could try using this website http://passguardian.com/ which will help you split up a key. As before, you should do this on an offline computer. Keep in mind if you use this service that you are trusting it to work properly. It would be good to find other independently created tools that could be used to validate the operation of passguardian. Personally, I would be nervous destroying the only copy of a private key and relying entirely on the fragments generated by the website.
Looks like Bitaddress has an implementation of Shamir's Secret Sharing now under the "Split Wallet" tab. However it would appear that you cannot provide your own key for this, so you would have to trust bitaddress.
Durable Media
Pay attention to the media you use to record your paper wallet. Some kinds of ink fade, some kinds of paper disintegrate. Moisture and heat are your enemies.
In addition to keeping copies of my paper wallet addresses I did the following:
  1. Order a set of numeric metal stamps. ($10)
  2. Buy a square galvanized steel outlet cover from the hardware store ($1)
  3. Buy a sledgehammer from the hardware store
  4. Write the die rolls on the steel plate using a sharpie
  5. Use the hammer to stamp the metal. Do all the 1's, then all the 2's etc. Please use eye protection, as metal stamp may emit sparks or fly unexpectedly across the garage. :-)
  6. Use nail polish remover to erase the sharpie
Electrum
If you trust electrum you might try running it on an offline computer, and having it generate a series of private keys from a seed. I don't have experience with this software, but it sounds like there are some slick possibilities there that could save you time if you are working with a lot of addresses.
Message to the downvoters
I would appreciate it if you would comment, so that I can learn from your opinion. Thanks!
The Easy Method
This method is probably suitable for small quantities of bitcoin. I would not trust it for life-altering sums of money.
  1. Download the bitaddress.org website to your hard drive.
  2. Close your browser
  3. Disconnect from the internet
  4. Open the bitaddress.org website from your hard drive.
  5. Print a paper wallet on your printer
  6. Close your browser
submitted by moral_agent to BitcoinWallet [link] [comments]

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